1. Noun phrases (e.g. the admission that…)
  2. Sophisticated verbs (e.g. to determine)
  3. Passive voice (e.g. recommendations should be made)
  4. Abstract nouns (e.g. profitability)
  5. Verb + noun (e.g. to enter into negotiations)


  1. Subject + verb (e.g. they admitted that…)
  2. Phrasal verbs (e.g. to pin down)
  3. Active voice (e.g. they should make recommendations)
  4. Concrete nouns (e.g. profit)
  5. Verbs (e.g. to negotiate)